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Centre for Family Research

We have a worldwide reputation for innovative research to increase understanding of children, parents and family relationships

Tests & Questionnaires available:



Brief Early Skills & Support Index (BESSI)



The Pre-School Activities Inventory (PSAI)


PSPCSA - Updated Images

Inclusive images are vital to ensure child-friendly interviews and tasks, especially when assessing children’s self-concepts. One brilliant resource is the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance (PSPCSA), developed by Harter & Pike, 1984.

This task has many merits and continues to be widely used (e.g., Papadopoulos, 2021), but the separate line drawings for girls and boys don’t reflect the diversity of 21st century communities. This is why Professor Claire Hughes commissioned a talented children’s book illustrator, Karin Eklund, to create a series of gender-neutral ethnically diverse images of children to accompany this task. We are thrilled with the joyful and quirky pictures Karin has created – and delighted that Karin has kindly given us her permission to share them with others involved in not-for-profit research and teaching.

To access the new, updated images, please see PSPCSA - updated images.

Please do credit the artist, Karin Eklund, if you use her new images in your publications, as her ‘public lending rights’ help supplement her income. For more information about Karin, see and Karin also provided many of the illustrations used on this website. 

This artistic commission was made possible by funding from Newnham College, Cambridge and the University of Cambridge Equality, Diversity, and Inclusion Unit.

To read the original paper: The Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance for Young Children on JSTOR



The Golombok Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction (GRISS)



The Golombok Rust Inventory of Marital State (GRIMS



The CSNAT is an evidence-based tool that facilitates tailored support for family members and friends (carers) of adults with long term life-limiting conditions. It is short and simple to use for both carers and practitioners. It comprises 14 domains (broad areas of need) in which carers commonly say they require support. Carers may use this tool to indicate further support they need both to enable them to care for their family member or friend and to preserve their own health and well-being within their caregiving role.

The research underpinning this tool was informed by carers and practitioners. Dr Gail Ewing was co-lead on this project with Professor Gunn Grande from The University of Manchester.

Further details can be found on the CSNAT website, along with latest news and upcoming events.